Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6), is the successor to IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4) and is designed to address the limitations of IPv4, particularly the exhaustion of available IP addresses. IPv6 is a network layer protocol that serves as the foundation for the Internet and many private networks. It introduces several key changes and improvements …

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Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4), is a widely used network layer protocol that forms the foundation of the Internet and most local area networks (LANs). It is part of the Internet Protocol suite (commonly known as TCP/IP) and is responsible for the addressing and routing of data packets so that they can be sent across …

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Intermediate System to Intermediate System (IS-IS) is a link-state routing protocol used in computer networks to determine the best paths for data packet forwarding within a single autonomous system (AS). Similar to OSPF (Open Shortest Path First), IS-IS is designed for interior gateway routing and is commonly used within large and complex networks, including Internet …

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Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP) is a distance-vector routing protocol developed by Cisco Systems for use within autonomous systems (ASes) in computer networks. It is designed to facilitate the exchange of routing information and the determination of the best paths for data packet forwarding within a single autonomous system. Key characteristics of IGRP included: It’s …

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Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP)

Interior Gateway Protocols (IGPs) are a type of routing protocol used within a single autonomous system (AS) in a computer network. An autonomous system is a collection of IP networks and routers under a single administrative domain. IGPs are responsible for determining the best paths for routing data packets within the boundaries of the same …

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IP stands for Internet Protocol, and it is one of the most important technologies used in today’s networks. IP is the communication protocol used to transmit data between devices on a network. It is used by almost all modern computer networks, including the Internet. The IP protocol provides a unique address to each device on …

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ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) is a protocol used to send error messages and operational information about network conditions. It is typically used by network devices, like routers, to communicate error messages indicating. For example, a requested service is unavailable or a host router could not be reached.



ISP (Internet Service Provider) is a company that provides internet access to users. ISPs offer a range of services, including broadband, DSL, data and voice services. They typically charge users a fee for access to their networks.



The internet is a global network of interconnected computers, servers, and other devices that allow people to communicate and access information from anywhere in the world. It was first developed in the 1960s as a way for researchers and scientists to share data and communicate with each other, but has since evolved into a vast …

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